FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is the partial or total removal of the external female genitalia for non-medical reasons. It’s also known as female circumcision or cutting.
FGM is often performed by someone with no medical training. They can use instruments such as a knife, scalpel, scissors, glass or razor blade.
The age at which FGM is carried out varies. It may take place:
- When a female baby is newborn,
- During childhood or adolescence,
- Just before marriage,
- During pregnancy.
There are four main types of FGM:
- (clitoridectomy): removing part or all of the clitoris.
- (excision): removing part or all of the clitoris and cutting the inner and/or outer labia.
- (infibulation): narrowing the vaginal opening.
- other harmful procedures to the female genitals including pricking, piercing, cutting, scraping or burning (NHS Choices, 2016).
Female Genital Mutilation is illegal in the UK and a human rights violation.